Arca-Net is a European Ark-network of institutions that keep endangered livestock breeds or rare cultivated plants, making them known to the public. Arca-Net is designed for a broad public and in form of a virtual guide, at any time available via Internet. Descriptions of the institutions, directions on getting there, offers and information on the livestock breeds kept and plants cultivated, their...[Read More]
The phrase integrated constructed wetland (ICW) was invented in 1990 by Dr Rory Harrington who works for the Irish Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government (Harrington and Ryder, 2002). The full definition of the ICW concept was published by Dr Rory Harrington in collaboration with Dr Miklas Scholz and his research group (The University of Edinburgh, UK) and Waterford County Counci...[Read More]
Gap analysis is a tool used in wildlife conservation to identify gaps in conservation lands (e.g., protected areas and nature reserves) or other wildlands where significant plant and animal species and their habitat or important ecological features occur.
Conservation managers or scientists can use it as a basis for providing recommendations to improve the representativeness of nature reserves or ...[Read More]
A game reserve (also known as a wildlife preserve) is a large area of land where wild animals live safely or are hunted in a controlled way for sport. If hunting is prohibited, a game reserve may be considered a nature reserve; however, because the focus of a game reserve is specifically the animals (fauna), whereas a nature reserve also if not equally is concerned with all aspects of naturally-oc...[Read More]
Plane Mad is an Irish direct action group that campaigns against the aviation industry's contribution to climate change. It was established in 2007, and is a sister group to the British group Plane Stupid. It is a non-hierarchical organisation. Its four main demands are:
An end to airport expansion
An end to subsidies for internal flights
A ban on advertising of aviation
A tax on aviation fuel
In ...[Read More]
Migration, in ecology, is the large-scale movement of members of a species to a different environment. Migration is a natural behavior and component of the life cycle of many species of mobile organisms, not limited to animals, though animal migration is the best known type. Migration is often cyclical, frequently occurring on a seasonal basis, and in some cases on a daily basis. Species migrate t...[Read More]
Litterfall, plant litter, leaf litter, tree litter, soil litter, or duff, is dead plant material, such as leaves, bark, needles, twigs, and cladodes; that have fallen to the ground. This detritus or dead organic material and its constituent nutrients are added to the top layer of soil, commonly known as the litter layer or O horizon ("O" for "organic"). Litter has occupied the attention of ecologi...[Read More]
DNA banking is the secure, long term storage of an individual’s genetic material. DNA is most commonly extracted from blood, but can also be obtained from saliva and other tissues. DNA banks allow for conservation of genetic material and comparative analysis of an individual's genetic information. Analyzing an individual's DNA can allow scientists to predict genetic disorders, as used in prevent...[Read More]
Sandbag or Sandbag Climate Campaign is a Community Interest Company, campaigning for changes to European climate change policy, especially emissions trading. The organisation was launched in 2008 by Bryony Worthington and was the first (and founding) member of The Guardian's Environment Network.
A resource consent is the authorisation given to certain activities or uses of natural and physical resources required under the New Zealand Resource Management Act (the "RMA"). Some activities may either be specifically authorised by the RMA or be permitted activities authorised by rules in plans. Any activities that are not permitted by the RMA, or by a rule in a plan, require a resource consen...[Read More]
A garden designer is someone who designs the plan and features of gardens, either as an amateur or professional. The compositional elements of garden design and landscape design are: terrain, water, planting, constructed elements and buildings, paving, site characteristics and genius loci, and the local climatic qualities.